To become a professional in wine tasting, you need to have basic knowledge about wines and master the art of wine tasting. Wine tasting can be as simple as paying attention to what’s in the glass, its taste, sight and smell.
Hundreds to thousands of flavours help to distinguish one wine from the other. The human nose can detect over 1,000 aromas but the tongue detects only five flavours. We use our senses of smell and taste to determine whether or not a particular wine is to our liking.
Before even we begin to try a wine, it is important to know what wine is. After you understand how wines are made and which grape they are made out of, the next step is to see the label. Understand what country is it from, what appellation is it, what particular grapes are used, whether it’s a single grape or blended, is it young or aged, is it oaked or unoaked.
You can also ask the sommelier at the restaurant or the sales guy at the counter if the wine has a story that they know of. Every wine has a story behind how it is made or about the winemaker or vineyard, their history, their culture and the styles they produce. So with one sip you don’t just taste the nectar but a whole culture that lies inside of it.
Wine has unique qualities, but putting them into words can be difficult. The basic steps when tasting wine are to look, smell, taste, and decide if the wine appeals to you or not.
Here is your handy guide to taste wine like a professional:
Store it right
Make sure the wine is stored well and not previously damaged. Make sure to also store a corked bottle horizontally and away from bright lights to make sure that the cork remains moist. A wine bottle once opened should be consumed soon, as it gets flat once it’s exposed to the oxygen in the atmosphere. It is best to store the wine in a place where it is least likely to be disturbed and in a dry, cool, and dark corner inside a closet. If you’re only going to drink some wine from the bottle, then secure the bottle with a wine bottle stopper (basic tool for wine preservation), and keep it in a refrigerator for no longer than three days if corked properly.
Wines grow wonderful with time
There are many wines that improve in quality if aged, affecting their flavour and aroma. Acids and alcohol together react to form a new development every time you open a bottle. If it’s an aged wine, it is evident that decanting the wine helps settle the sediments and lets the wine open up after sitting in the bottle for a long time.
Once you know what lies within the bottle, ensure it is at the right temperature before popping it open. For whites, the temperature ranges between 4° to 8°C. For rosè, it’s usually between 6° to 10° C and for reds anywhere between 12° to 18°C is recommended.
The right glass for the Perfect Wine
Right glasses should be used to ensure that the wine is enjoyed in the best way. This is because a wine glass’ shape ensures that the right amount of air comes in contact with the wine and most importantly, where the wine first hits your tongue. All these elements ultimately impact the flavour we taste. With regards to wide bowl-like shaped glasses, much of the wine is exposed to air and that helps in releasing fine aroma and flavours. Red wines usually need a large wide bowl to allow their bolder aromas and flavours to emerge. With narrower bowls, less wine is exposed to air and hence they are perfect for white wines as they have more delicate flavours.
Follow the rule of 4 S while tasting
Swirl: Hold the wine glass by the stem and rotate your wrist in a circular motion. As the wine swirls around, the compounds in the wine break up against the glass to release the flavours.
Sniff or Smell: Hold the glass closer to your nose and take in a deep breath to take in the aroma of the wine released after a quick swirl. This helps in understanding the different flavours used to make the wine.
Take a slightly larger sip than usual or take a slurp and hold the wine in your mouth for a few seconds and let it cover your mouth. Once inside your mouth, the wine adapts to your body temperature and that helps to release the perfect aroma. It is here that the wine tasting experience actually commences.
It is important to sip the wine and appreciate the drink by allowing it to travel in your mouth while understanding it’s texture and taste. Another reason for you to savour and consume the wine slowly is that after you swallow, the wine gives a distinctive taste that you get only after a couple of seconds once it hits your palate. While savouring your glass of wine, you can try and understand the different food pairing that works along with the wine.
Wine tasting is an enjoyable experience. Although it may seem hard when you start, it keeps getting easy. By mastering the skills, you will be able to make better wine choices. In the end, you will find yourself beginning to understand your favourite wines on a whole new level. If you want to reach us, we’re on Instagram and on our website here.